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Férias e informação: ILHA DE COIBA

ILHA DE COIBA o que fazer, o que visitar, onde ir, onde comer, reserva de hotéis, aeroportos mais próximos, fotos, informação geral, dicas, etc.
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Seja o primeiro a dar opinião acerca de ILHA DE COIBA
Aeroportos próximos de ILHA DE COIBA a uma distância máxima de 250 km do centro de ILHA DE COIBA
BOC - Bocas del Toro "Isla Colón" International Airport 214.98 km do centro de ILHA DE COIBA - Aeroporto internacional

Informações gerais acerca de ILHA DE COIBA
Coiba é a maior ilha da América Central, ao largo da costa da província panamenha de Veraguas. Em 1919 foi construído um estabelecimento prisional na ilha, que em 2004 foi fechado. A ilha foi declarada parque nacional em 1992 e é um dos poucos sítios na América Central onde se podem encontrar araracangas em abundância na selva. Cerca de 75% da ilha é floresta. A ilha de Coiba é casa de espécies raras de animais que podem ser encontrados apenas em Coiba. As águas adjacentes à ilha fazem equipa com a vida marinha. É cercada por um dos maiores recifes de coral do mundo na costa do Pacífico americano.

O Parque Nacional Coiba e a sua Zona Especial de Protecção Marinha foram declarados Património Mundial da UNESCO em 2005.
Fonte: wikipedia
Turismo
Coiba National Park has been declared a UNESCO World Natural heritage site because of its biodiversity and its important role in the Eastern Pacific Tropical Ecosystem. The Coiba archipelago is part of a huge marine corridor that includes Malpelo Island, Gorgona Island, Cocos Island and the Galapagos Archipelago. Many pelagic animals such as leatherback turtles, whale sharks, manta rays, dolphins, marlin, sail fish and tuna depend on islands like Coiba for their survival.

The marine biodiversity is therefore the true gem of Coiba, with 69 identified species of fish, 13 types of crustaceans (crabs & lobsters), 45 species of snails and 12 species of echinoderms (sea urchins and sea cucumbers). Snorkeling is a good way to get an idea of the incredible richness of Coiba waters. The reef around the small islet of Granito de Oro is easily accessible and supports a wealth of species, including turtles and small (and harmless!) white-tipped reef sharks.

The seas of Coiba are also the habitat of the humpbacked whale, the orca, the pan-tropical dolphin and the bottlenose dolphin. In fact there are records of 19 more whale species that occasionally visit Coiba waters. During the boat trip to, around and from Coiba, you are likely to see dolphins and from mid July to mid October, you may well see humpbacked whales. Devil rays and turtles are often seen from the boat as well.

The islands are home to 36 species of mammals, 39 species of amphibians and reptiles, and 147 species of birds. Some of the land animals have been isolated from the mainland for so long that they have evolved in different species. The Coiba spinetail (Cranioleuca dissita) for example, is a bird that only occurs in Coiba and nowhere else in the world. Some biologists consider the agoutis on Coiba as varieties of their mainland relatives, but others argue that they are separate species. The spider monkeys and howler monkeys of Coiba each form a species with their respective relatives in Cerro Hoya National Park. These two species are separate from the spider and howler monkeys you find elsewhere in Panama. Coiba is the only place in Panama where one can see flocks of the threatened Scarlet Macaw (Ara macao). The best place to see them is Playa Quebrada, at the other side of the island. The Coiba spinetail is usually found along the ‘Los pozos’ trail near the prison. The agouti is present near the ANAM camp, the howler monkeys are often found along the ‘los monos’ trail.

Since there is so much to see on Coiba, we recommend a two-night trip to Coiba. We organise trips departing from Heliconia Bed and Breakfast that include all your food and drink, accommodation, transport and a guide. All you have to do is book with us and enjoy the trip and prepare your own dinner on the second night.
Fonte: tanagertourism
Clima
Isla de Coiba is mostly a tropical rainforest that does not have that much change in the weather, as you can see in the graph above. Really, the only thing that changes a little bit the precipitation level, which is slightly higher in November and December.

Isla de Coiba is an island tropical rainforest located at 7.5° East and 81.7° South. The coast of Coiba also has mangroves mixed into the terrain. A tropical rainforest is a biome which gets rain year round which adds up to a total of 50-260cm of rain yearly. A tropical rainforest's temperature ranges from 68°-93° Fahrenheit with a humidity level of between 77%-88%. Tropical rainforests cover less than 6% or the earth's surface, but more than half of the world's plant and animal species live in tropical rainforests. Also, tropical rainforests produce 40% of the world's oxygen.
Fonte: gs.riverdale.k12


 
 

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